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真题模板·SST 2017-08-11  文章作者:未知

 
Summarize spoken text – Item 1
 
Transcript
  Scientists are discovering that when you touch someone, you communicate very specific emotionssuch as sympathy, disgust, gratitude, or even love. The current issue of the scientific journal.Emotion features a series of studies about touch. Reporter Michelle Trudeau touched base with the
lead researcher.
Michelle Trudeau: Psychologist Matt Hertenstein from DePaul University in Green Castle, Indianadecided to study touch while he was watching parents interacting with their babies - making faces andcooing sounds, squeezing, stroking, nuzzling them.
Mr. Matt Hertenstein (DePaul University): And all of a sudden it struck me one day and I thought,you know, I wonder if touch can communicate distinct emotions, much like the face and the voice.
Michelle Trudeau: Decades of research has been done on the face and the voice and the distinctemotions that they communicate. But touch has been relatively neglected by researchers until Hertenstein stepped in and began his experiments.
Mr. Matt Hertenstein: We invited two participants into the lab. And we put a curtain up between those two people.
Michelle Trudeau: So they couldn't see or hear each other. One participant, the sender, was told to try and communicate twelve different emotions, one by one, to the other participant, the receiver.
Mr. Matt Hertenstein: The receiver would put his or her arm underneath the curtain, on to the sender's side.
Michelle Trudeau: The sender would then touch the receiver's forearm, trying to communicate the specific emotion, such as envy, fear, love, embarrassment, anger, gratitude, pride, disgust. The receiver had to then decide which emotion was being communicated.
 
Sample summary
It is believed that touch can communicate a wide range of specific emotions. Touch has been ignored by researchers in the past, and has not been focused on until recently. A person describes an experiment carried out into touch and emotion to prove that touch can communicate a range of specific feelings.
 
Sample responses
B1
  Scientists have researched that touch has more emotional signals to human’s feeling, even stronger than hear and see, for we see or hear people, we may not feel much.
  Scientists have done an  
experiment involved in two participants, one can see and hear each other, while the other can only  touch the other one, they found that through touch people can feel more about human’s feeling, like envy, love, etc,.
 
Explanation: While the response contains information related to the lecture, the test taker misrepresents the main point, leading the reader to believe the lecture is about an experiment which proved the importance of touch over sight and sound. This response demonstrates poor grammar control; verbs and nouns are improperly formed and several prepositions are missing. The vocabulary is basic and imprecise. Spelling is fine. The word count is 70 words.
 
B2
  Research shows emperical evidence on the role of touch in communicating emotion like gratitute, love, anger. It can be observed through parents making face, cuddling their children. One experiment has been made with 2 participants, one the sender and the other the receiver of touch. They are separated by a curtain and the sender is asked to touch the receiver to communicate 12 types of emotions likes anger, love, digusting.
 
Explanation: In this response the main point has been discussed and supporting points are included. It demonstrates weak grammar control, which hinders understanding. The vocabulary used is appropriate for the context. There are several spelling errors. The word count is 70 words.
 
C1
Touch has been neglected as an avenue of communicating distinct emotions, relative to studies involving facial and vocal communication. The journal Emotion featured studies involving touch. One researcher was motivated to study after seeing how parents and babies use physical contact in addition to facial and vocal expressions to communicate with one another. In one study, the sender was asked to communicate twelve distinct emotion, e.g. fear and love.
 
Explanation: This response is an accurate and detailed summary of the main point and several supporting points discussed. The grammar follows standard conventions. The vocabulary used is appropriate for the context. There are few spelling errors. The word count is 68 words.


Summarize spoken text – Item 2
 
Transcript
  About 20 years ago Kent Anger and Barry Johnson came up with 750 chemicals that could harm the brain during development. Nobody has since then dared to update that number, it's just a guess today, there has to be more than a thousand if there was 750 twenty years ago. But the problem is also that we have put too little emphasis in this type of, uh, research.
 For example, it has taken so far the OECD 10 years to devise a battery of tests that they could recommend for systematic testing of chemicals for developmental neurotoxicity. That panel, that battery, has not yet been completed and authorized by OECD so it's taking way, way, way too long because it is complicated. But there is so much at stake.
 Children are just losing IQ points and losing their concentration span, memory or motor functions. But in the present world where there's so much emphasis on knowledge and brain functions this can also translate into dollars. The EPA has calculated that every time a child loses one IQ point because of chemical pollution it costs society something like $8,000 or $10,000.
 
Sample summary
  About twenty years ago, it was estimated that there are 750 chemicals that can affect the developing human brain, and today there may be over 1000. There is little emphasis on the possible damage caused to developing children from these chemicals. It has taken the OECD ten years to develop an index to test for developmental neurotoxicity.            Economically, each IQ point lost to chemical poisoning has an impact of $8,000-$10,000.
 
Sample responses
B1
  The lecture mentions chemical test for brain development. There are 2 level of chemical test. The first one is conducted by OECD on the systematic test chemical. They found that it takes a long time and too compicated for this test. The second is carried out by EPA which tried to find out some chemical solution.
 
Explanation: While the response contains several key words, it does not summarize the main issues described by the speaker. It demonstrates weak grammar control which hinders understanding. The vocabulary used is appropriate for the context. There is one spelling mistake. The word count is 56 words.
 
B2
  About 20 years ago, scientists came up with 750 chemicals that could harm the brain. It might be more than that nowadays. Research on the harmful chemicals is complicated and could take too long. Chemical pollution has various effects on children, for example loss of concentration span, memory
and IQ points.
 
Explanation: While the response includes some main points, other key information from the passage is omitted. This response demonstrates good control of grammar. The use of vocabulary is appropriate within the context. There are no spelling mistakes. The word count is 51 words.

 
C1
  20 years ago, the list of chemicals which affected brain development was numbered at 750. Today, this number has increased to about 1000. There is insufficient research on the testing of such chemicals by OECD. These chemicals cause harmful effects like the lost of IQ, concentration, memory and motor functions. It is estimated that for every lost IQ point of a child, society stands to lose 8,000 to 10,000 dollars.
 
Explanation: The response is an accurate and detailed summary of the main point and several supporting points discussed in the lecture. The grammar follows standard English conventions. The vocabulary used is appropriate for the context. There are no spelling mistakes. The word count is 70 words.

 

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